Water stewardship

Kuvaaja Okko Sorma

Water stewardship helps to overcome shared challenges

Water stewardship means that a company’s water use is not only environmentally sustainable but also socially and culturally just and economically feasible. It means that the company accepts responsibility for its impact and manages the water risks of its operations. Water stewardship opens up opportunities for companies and encourages them to find common solutions for water use, which may include technical improvements, promoting water protection or improving water resources management. Rather than only focusing on the company’s own operations, its actions take entire catchments into consideration and cover the company’s whole supply and value chain, also outside Finland’s borders. While companies are at the core of water stewardship, the central government and municipalities as well as research institutes and citizens also play a key role in promoting it.

Vesivastuullisuus pisara

The Water Stewardship Commitment

The Water Stewardship Commitment challenges companies to identify water risks in their value chains and to make sure that their operation sites and subcontractors use water sustainably. The Commitment also encourages companies to engage with their stakeholders in developing sustainable water management. The Water Stewardship Commitment was created by Aalto University, Natural Resources Institute Finland, the Finnish Environment Institute, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, WWF Finland, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of the Environment. These actors promote water stewardship in their activities and support companies’ efforts related to it. The Water Stewardship Commitment is linked to Society’s Commitment to Sustainable Development 2050, through which the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals are implemented in Finland. the commitment was created in 2017, and its content was complemented in 2021.

YK:n kestävän kehityksen tavoite "puhdas vesi ja sanitaatio" sisältää vesiriskien tunnistamisen sekä yritysten ja yhteiskunnan vesivastuun.

Companies and their value chains are among of the largest water users in the world. While global challenges such as water scarcity and pollution pose significant risks to companies’ operations, companies may also play a key role in overcoming these challenges. Whereas the status of water resources and their management is mostly good in Finland, Finnish companies also operate and have international subcontractors in regions facing various problems associated with water.
The Water Stewardship Commitment challenges Finnish companies and organisations to identify water risks in their value chains, to make sure that their operation locations and subcontractors flagged in the risk analysis use water sustainably, and to develop sustainable water use and governance together with their stakeholders.
For instance, water risks may be associated with the availability and quality of water, the company’s reputation, or ineffective or unjust regulation, all of which ultimately affect business feasibility. While the company’s internal actions are important in risk management, cooperation with stakeholders is in most cases an essential part of developing water use, management and governance
The Finnish Water Stewardship Commitment helps companies manage their water risks across the board and also verify that water use and its impacts in their operations is in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In particular, water stewardship measures affect the attainment of SDG 6, which strives to ensure access to clean water, sanitation and sustainable water use for everyone. However, responsible and sustainable water use and management in companies is associated with all Sustainable Development Goals – sustainable industries and innovations (SDG 9) and responsible consumption (SDG 12) alike. It is a precondition for both food security (SDG 2) and climate action (SDG 13), and it influences both life below water and life on land (SDGs 14 and 15). Above all, it is built on cooperation and partnerships (SDG 17).
Developing the company’s water responsibility is a continuous process. The Water Stewardship Commitment provides a compact package of the best tools and international guidelines for five mutually supportive and complementary steps in water stewardship progression:

  1. Water risk and opportunity identification
  2. Water risk, opportunity and impact assessment
  3. Incorporating water int strategy, targets and action
  4. Developing sustainable water use and governance in collaboration with with stakeholders
  5. Monitoring, evaluating and reporting

The objectives and steps of the commitment are aligned with those of the UN Global Compact’s CEO Water Mandate and also link water stewardship to the frame of reference of sustainable development.
As the creators of the commitment, Aalto University, Natural Resources Institute Finland, the Finnish Environment Institute, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, WWF Finland, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of the Environment challenge Finnish companies to give their own commitments following the steps described in the database.
The creators of the commitment promote sustainable water use and management as well as encourage companies in their water responsibility work and development of best practices.

Further information:

Aalto University

Natural Resources Institute Finland

Finnish Environment Institute
WWF Finland

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

Ministry for Foreign Affairs

Ministry of the Environment

For the first time, the Water Stewardship Commitment provides Finnish companies and organisations with a shared framework for assessing and developing their actions related to sustainable and responsible water use throughout their value chains. The Commitment gives them access to the best tools and international guidelines for each step of water stewardship progression from risk assessment to stakeholder cooperation.

Five steps of water stewardship progression

Click on the numbers to display the actions of each step.

  1. Identifying
    water risks

    Water risk and opportunity identification

    The mapping exercise in the first step in the water stewardship progression gives an idea of whether water is directly or indirectly a key issue for the company in terms of responsibility. To this end, the company’s essential water risks and opportunities are identified. The risks may be associated with not only the company’s own operations and sites but also other actors and locations in the value chain. The risks and opportunities may, for instance, berelated to the availability of water, emissions into waters or employees’ access to safe drinking water and sanitation or the general status of water management in the company or its value chain.


    The company’s own operation locations and value chains, including subcontractors, in Finland and globally.


    The company’s risk analyses, materiality analyses in which responsibility is emphasised, as well as management of value chains and procurements.

    Guidelines and tools:

    Guideline materials are offered by Alliance for Water Stewardship, UN Global Compact CEO Water Mandate ja WWF, among others. WWF Water Risk Filter ja WRI Aqueduct are versatile tools for mapping water risks and opportunities as well as identifying the most critical locations. The general examinations should be supplemented with information specific to each operation location and first-hand knowledge of the local circumstances.

  2. Water risk assessment

    More detailed assessment of water risks and opportunities as well as water-related impacts

    The second step in the water stewardship progression focuses on assessing the water risks and opportunities identified as essential and describing, analysing and valuating them in more detail. Which are the concrete economic, social and environmental advantages or disadvantages of the water risks and opportunities identified as essential? Typical examples include continuity of production and positive or negative effects on the company’s reputation. The assessment helps the company to identify its concrete water-related costs and benefits and makes it possible to compare alternative raw materials, processes and products.


    The more detailed assessments should focus on the operation locations and value chains identified as the most critical in the first step.


    The assessment should be linked to, and apply the same methods as, the company’s wider risk assessment and management practices. Water risks identified as essential are frequently linked to other areas of corporate responsibility, such as climate, human rights and biodiversity impacts. Due to international efforts to develop binding criteria for sustainable finance, water responsibility today also has closer links with the company’s investment and financing solutions.

    Guidelines and tools:

    Guidelines and tools for more detailed assessment and valuation can be found on WWF’s Valuing Water Database. For example, WWF Water Risk Filter and WRI Aqueduct help to both identify water risks and assess them in detail, whereas Ecolab Water Risk Monetizer assists with water risk valuations. It is advisable to incorporate these assessments in ISO 14001 and EMAS environmental management systems. ISO Water Footprint and Water Footprint Network offer methods for water footprint calculation and impact assessment.

  3. Strategy

    Incorporating water into strategy, targets and action

    Water risk management as well as promoting waterstewardship and grasping the opportunities offered by it have the best chance of success if they are integrated into the company’s strategy as well as operative and risk management systems. Once the water risks and opportunities have been identified and assessed (Step 2), the company can define key priorities, objectives and actions.

    The priorities and objectives may relate to, for example, sustainable water use in the company and a good status of waters in it surrounding catchments, employees’ and local communities’ access to safe drinking water and sanitation, or developing water resources management and governance in a selected catchment context. Water stewardship action may include, for example, technical improvements, training, improved practices, or catchment restoration and development projects .


    The company sets a strategic objective for water , ensuring that the management is committed to attaining it. Within the context of this strategy, specific water targets are set for the company and sites, including the value chains.In particular, the targets and measures should focus on areas and/or value chain parts flagged in the assessments of water risks and opportunities. While water stewardship measures include internal improvements, the preconditions for attaining the objectives usually include stakeholder cooperation and taking the local operating environment into consideration (see Step 4).


    Water stewardship should be an elemental part of the company’s strategy and its operative and risk management systems (incl. ISO 14001, EMAS). The objectives the company sets should account for critical factors in both the company’s and its subcontractor’s sites of operation. Striving to identify shared objectives for the operation locations, the public sector and other water users and stakeholders is also important. The UN Sustainable Development Goals create a general framework for the objectives of water stewardship.

    Guidelines and tools:

    Guidelines for developing water stewardship strategies are offered by CEO Water Mandate ja World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), among others. Guidelines and tools for setting water stewardship targets are provided by CEO Water Mandate, World Resources Institute (WRI) and WWF as well as the Science Based Targets Network.

  4. Cooperation

    Developing sustainable water use and governance with stakeholders

    While the company’s internal improvements are at the core of water stewardship, cooperation with stakeholders is usually a precondition for managing the company’s water risks. Cooperation helps to achieve sustainable water use and management both in the company’s own and its subcontractors’ operation sites. Additionally, any opportunities associated with water almost always materialise through stakeholder cooperation. It is particularly important to work together with the public sector, which carries the primary responsibility for water resource management both in Finland and other countries. Striving to work together with partners who have sound knowledge of the local conditions, including non-governmental organisations and research institutes, is also advisable. It is crucial to take local communities and citizens into account and involve them in water stewardship projects from the start. This cooperation should be transparent and accountable.


    Stakeholder cooperation is particularly important in regions and/or parts of the value chain that were flagged in the assessments of the company’s water-related risks and opportunities.


    Stakeholder cooperation on water stewardship can be integrated into the company’s other corporate social responsibility work. Water stewardhip work may play a key part in securing a ‘social licence to operate’ for the company.

    Guidelines and tools:

    Guidelines for stakeholder cooperation in the context of water stewardshipare are offered by CEO Water Mandate. Alliance for Water Stewardship International Water Stewardship Standard also lists principles and tools for developing water stewardship together with stakeholders.

  5. Monitoring, evaluation and reporting

    Monitoring, evaluation and reporting on water stewardship progression

    Water stewardship should be developed in a transparent manner, the achievement of its objectives should be monitored continuously, and the monitoring results should be reported. Continuous improvement of water stewardship practices means that the monitoring results are evaluated frequently enough and that the activities are developed on this basis. To enable comparisons, it is appropriate to comply with international standards when monitoring and communicating about water stewardship.


    The status and progress of water stewardship should be monitored in line with the objectives defined in Step 3 for the part of the entire company as well as the theoperations locations and themes identified as critical.


    Water stewardship monitoring should be integrated into the management systems and annual reporting of the company and its operation locations as well as the audits of its subcontractors.

    Guidelines and tools:

    Guidelines for the monitoring, evaluation and reporting of water stewardship are offered by CEO Water Mandate and by Climate Standards Disclosure Board (CSDB). Alliance for Water Stewardship International Water Stewardship Standard is a comprehensive water responsibility standard and certification system for developing and verifying businesses’ water responsibility. While a number of sustainability and responsibility standards, including UTZ, Global Gap, FSC, Fairtrade and Luomu, contain criteria relating to water, none of them cover water issues comprehensively. However, out of them the ISEAL Alliance listed standards are compatible with the AWS standard, and they are mutually complementary.

    GRI 303: Water and Effluents the reporting standard covers the company’s water abstraction and consumption, emissions into waters and impact on regions afflicted by water stress and in the value chains. It is intended for use in general stakeholder communications. CDP Water Program offers an extensive reporting framework for a company’s water security and international benchmarking. It also looks at water issues relevant to the company’s economic capacity and profitability. The framework is intended for use in communication targeted at finance providers, investors and companies making large procurements, in particular.